Laparoscopic Surgery

Also known by the name of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic surgery is growing popular with each passing day. Previously the laparoscopic method of surgery was implemented only in cases of gallbladder surgery and other gynecological problems. But now, with the advent of newer technologies, laparoscopic methods have been applied to many more surgeries.
What is laparoscopic surgery?
Now, if you want to know what is so special about this method then read on to find out. The surgery is performed with the help of very thin instruments and a video camera. Now, these thin instruments are used to make very small incisions on the body of the patient. Through these incisions, narrow tubes are inserted into the patient’s body. These plastic tubes which are inserted are known as ports. With the help of these ports, the surgeon is able to introduce the instruments and the camera inside the body of the patient. Thus, the surgeon can freely access the insides of the patient without facing any difficulty and moreover, without causing big incisions.
The camera inserted is then used to produce an image of the organs in that portion of the body, that is, the organ to be operated. These images can be seen on a television screen. The best thing about this procedure is that there are no big incisions involved, yet the doctor can clearly get an image of the organs inside the body of the patient. Thus, the camera acts as the eye of the surgeon. This makes surgeries even more successful as the surgeon can literally get clear images of the organs and thus, he can carry on with the procedure swiftly.
What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery?
There are several advantages linked to the process of laparoscopic surgery.

  • The first and foremost advantage is that the incisions are considerably reduced in size in case of laparoscopic surgery and thus it is called minimally invasive surgery.

  • Another of the most important advantages includes a lot less discomfort after the surgery is over. In case of open surgeries, the patient has to take rest for weeks because the incision is quite large. But in case of laparoscopic surgeries, since the incisions are small, the discomfort reduces.
  • You don’t have to stay at the hospital for days.
  • You will be able to resume your normal activities in a few days time.
  • There will very less or almost nil internal scarring in case of laparoscopic surgeries.

What operations are possible through laparoscopic surgery?
With the advent of newer technologies, several surgeries are possible through laparoscopic surgery. Some of them include laparoscopic bile duct exploration, laparoscopic hernia, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic fundoplication, laparoscopic appendectomy, laparoscopic rectal prolapse, laparoscopic splenectomy, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, laparoscopic rectal cancer resection, and laparoscopic hernia repair.
So, no matter how much-complicated condition you are suffering from, laparoscopic surgeries can bring you back to your normal life without causing much pain. Moreover, you don’t have to worry about large scars.

Authored By Dr G Parthasarathy - Surgical Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad