What is laparoscopic fundoplication?
Laparoscopic fundoplication is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to restore the normal function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LSG). Fundus of the stomach is placed on the left side of the esophagus. The main portion of the stomach is wound around the back of the esophagus and comes again to the front of the esophagus. Surrounding the esophagus in middle, the right end of the fundus is sutured with the left end of the fundus. After fundoplication, the portion of the fundus looks like a buttoned shirt collar in which the esophagus is neck and fundus muffled are the collars. The purpose is to create a one-way valve allowing food from the esophagus to the stomach and protect stomach acid and other digestive fluid to backwash to the esophagus in patients of GERD. Types of fundoplication surgery are:
- 360 degrees Nissen fundoplication (NF) surgery and
- 270 degrees Toupet fundoplication (TP) surgery,