Both colon and rectal cancer are often grouped together and named as colorectal cancer because they have many common features. Cancer begins when cells of the body in a particular organ grows beyond control.
What is Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer is formed either in the colon or the rectum. These cancers are also named as colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on the particular place where it has started. Every day cell in our body destroyed and replaced by a new one with a perfect copy of the old cell to perform the same function. The problem arises when the new cell divides independently and set-asides the checks and balances mechanism prevailing in the body to control the normal cell growth. That particular cell itself can start multiplication in an uncontrolled manner, which is completely different from a normal cell. This type of cell can either be non-cancerous or malignant. This abnormal growth may be observed in any part of the body. If it is seen in colon or rectum it will be said colorectal cancer.
How Colorectal Cancer begins?
What are the causes of Colorectal Cancer?
Factors that cause colorectal cancer are as follows:
- Increasing age is associated with colorectal cancer. The study reveals, 90% of colorectal cancers are diagnosed after the age of 40.
- Consistently and prolonged habit of high fat intake can cause colorectal cancer.
- A history of colorectal cancer and polyps in the family may lead to such disease.
- Large intestine carries polyps for a considerable period may cause colorectal cancer.
- Chronic ulcerative colitis and inflammatory bowel disease can lead to colorectal cancer.
What are the symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?
Symptoms of colorectal cancer are nonspecific and numerous. This may include weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, diarrhea or constipation, narrow stools, change in bowel habit, , bright blood in stool, abdominal pains and many more. Colorectal cancer develops for several years without showing any symptoms.