Generally, laparoscopic hernia is the process of repairing by using an instrument called the laparoscope. Two or four very small incisions are made through the abdominal wall through which this device called the laparoscope is inserted which is basically a very thin telescope with a light on one end. As the incisions are very small so the entire process is also known as keyhole surgery. It is then that the hernia is viewed from the other side of the wall of the abdomen. Hernias are basically bulges in the belly of a person where abdominal fat and the intestine come out from under the skin due to certain defects. They become more prominent if and when the concerned person is coughing or is in a standing position.
What is the treatment procedure of laparoscopic hernia?
The space or the cavity of the abdominal region is inflated with the use of carbon dioxide to help the surgeon to get adequate space to operate inside the patient. The operation is done with long instruments. Then the hernia defect or the hole is covered with mesh from inside the abdomen then the entire thing is stapled into the tissues of the muscle so as to properly fix them in a patch. The procedure of this treatment is extremely less painful and problem free as they are pain-free stitches free and also bloodless. Though the treatment does not come very cheap yet the results are excellent. It has to be kept in mind that treatment as soon as possible is very essential as if left neglected, it might give rise to many serious problems in the patient and might even become fatal.
What is the recovery process from laparoscopic hernia?
Some immediate consequences of the operation are nausea, dizziness, pain and fatigue. But these will pass quickly. The patient’s throat might also bloat up and remain so for few days after which it will lessen. But it is as quick as three hours that the patient will be able to walk properly. The pain medicine that will be given might have certain light side effects but they too will be gone after few days. Very light exercise is prescribed initially and the concerned patient will be able to join work as early as one week.
What are the complications of laparoscopic hernia?
In case if you are suffering from inguinal hernia, it is technically very demanding for the surgeon as it is really difficult to master the process. A very efficient surgeon needs to be consulted as otherwise, the results could be severe. There remains a risk of major organs getting heavily damaged in these cases due to even a slight mistake. The surgery that concerns the laparoscopic hernia is generally done under general anaesthesia which might be really problematic if the patient has other history medical conditions. The hernia on both the sides, that is, bilateral hernia has to be repaired simultaneously. You must consult the doctor at once when you feel any discomfort.
Authored By Dr G Parthasarathy - Surgical Gastroenterologist, Hyderabad